There are 400,000 types of flowers in the world, according to The Guardian in 2010. It means that there are more types of flowers than that number. There are many ways to be able to distinguish flowers. Starting from genetics, family, how to plant them, how to produce, what season they bloom, how long they bloom, and so on.
One of the most common and easy-to-learn ways to distinguish flowers seen from the structure of the flower. They are consist of two groups, namely monocots and dicots. Just by looking at the flowers, we can immediately tell the difference. Knowing whether the type of the flowers is monocots or dicots will help us understand better how to plant it, how to produce it, and when it blooms.
It is fascinating to find out about flowers and see them in every detail they have.
Monocots and Dicots
Monocots and dicots are a way to distinguish flower types based on plant and flower structure, like the number of petals and leaves. Monocots have only one leaf, as the name monocot stands for monocotyledon. Mono means one, and cotyledon is a seed leaf. The dicot has two leaves because Di means two.
Seed leaves on monocots have the same shape as mature leaves, long and thin. Leaf veins are also parallel to the midrib. The seeds of dicots leaves are round and fatter because they are two parts. The leaves got a different glimpse. The first leaves are often multiple shapes, from long and thin to round, with branching veins. Some more plants and flowers fall into the dicots type.
Monocot plants have a single filamentous root system, no main center, which is called Fibrous roots. These are what make the leaves have parallel veins. Meanwhile, dicots have a central root with small branching roots. The dicot root system can spread over large areas to get nutrients.
Some types of flowers will be easier to distinguish in these two categories by looking at the number of petals and stamens.
Within each flower are a stigma, a central stamen, a petal, and an outer ring. Monocots’ plant consists of three flowers. The flower has one stigma, three stamens, three petals, and three sepals. Sometimes the sepals have the same color as the petals, so it looks like a flower has six petals. As for the dicots, flowers have four, five, or six parts either from the stamens and petals. Even the sepals sometimes have fewer or more petals. The outer ring of the flower is separated from the petals and is usually green.
Flowers that are part as monocots are Lily, Tulip, Orchid, Bluebell, Daffodil, Jonquil, Crocus, Freesia, Amaryllis, Day Flower, and Agapanthus. And the part of dicots is Rose, Daisy, Sweet Pea, Cosmos, Nasturtium, Hollyhock, Begonia, Ranunculus, Marigold, and Pansy.
Color of Flowers
Like a rainbow, flowers can also classify by color. From various types of genes or families, they will produce flowers with different colors. White, red, purple, yellow, blue, brown, orange, and pink.
These colors come from the DNA of the plants. The genes in DNA direct cells to produce pigments of various colors. A flower looks purple because the flower produces pigment and has absorbed all the colors except purple. So when you see the flower, it reflects purple light.
Usually by planting a variety of flowers with different colors can make the home garden page more beautiful. Knowing the flowers from color will be easy to choose as decoration because it can combine flower colors with the interior.
1. Types of white flowers
The most commonly seen or commonly chosen color for planting is white. White color is very suitable to be combined with various colors. So it’s easy to plant white flowers in a garden interior with bright, striking colors.
There are dozens of types of white flowers that are often chosen and liked by many people. One of the things that make white flowers the most popular is because they have the meaning of a new beginning, innocence, elegance, honesty, and perfection. Although some white flowers have a meaning as griefing.
Some types of flowers that produce white flowers are Tulip, Snowdrop, Daffodil, Gardenia, Dahlia, Moonflower, Petunia, Peony, Iris, Foxglove, Hibiscus, Rose, Hydrangea, Orchid, Dianthus, Lily, Jasmine, Camellia, Vinca, and others, etc.
2. Types of purple flowers
Another very popular color for flowers is purple. Types of purple flowers themselves can be distinguished from the contrasting colors ranging from dark purple to light purple. In contrast to the type of white flowers that always bloom every season according to flower genes, purple flowers are more often seen blooming in spring to late summer.
Purple flowers have many meanings. In general, purple flowers have the meaning of success, dignity, and tradition. But there are several other types of flowers that have the meaning of admiration, adoration, friendship, secret admirer, and a tale.
There are 62 types of purple flowers, including Verbena, Lavender, Clematis, Catmint, Salvia, Allium, Monkshood, Anemone, Wild Indigo, Blue-Eyed Grass, Cosmos, Candytuft, Cyclamen, Columbine, Fuchsia, and Gladiolus.
Meaning of Flowers
If you have distinguished flowers from the type of color, then indirectly, you can also distinguish flowers from the meaning and symbols they have. Each gene or flower family also has a different meaning and symbol. Starting from the meanings and symbols as friendship, success, luck, relationship, passion, joy, loneliness, congratulation, sadness, and griefing.
Because each meaning and symbol can be taken from the gene or flower color, then one symbol can consist of several types of flowers.
One example is flowered as a funeral symbol. There are many types of flowers that have the meaning of sadness, grief, sympathy, respect, and dignity. Types of flowers with these meanings can be assembled into funeral flowers. Not only from the type of gene or family but funeral flowers can also be distinguished in color.
Types of Funeral Flowers
Beside type of wedding Flowers, There are not many types of funeral flowers. But if you need, these are the types of funeral flowers, Lilies, Daisies, Roses, Carnations, Gladioli, Chrysanthemums, Orchids, and Hydrangeas. They are the best gift to expressing your sympathy.
These flowers can be arranged in various shapes as needed, ranging from inside pieces, flora baskets, casket sprays, standing sprays, and wreaths.
It is fascinating to find out about flowers. The flowers have many types, colors, genes. What else that you want to learn from flowers?