Jasmine flowers include flowers that grow from shrubs or shrubs. Even so, the resulting flower is very beautiful and smells fragrant. Jasmine is also a symbol of the Indonesian nation and is known as puspa bangsa. There are at least 200 species of jasmine scattered around the world. Jasmine plants come from tropical and warm climates, such as Eurasia, Australia-Asia, and Oceania. Its distinctive aroma is one of the reasons for the cultivation of this plant.


Many types of jasmine flowers are commonly cultivated and most of them are used for commercial raw materials.

Here are some types of jasmine flowers:

1. Jasmine Primrose (Jasminum mensyi)

Originally from the land of bamboo curtains, China. This plant includes a forked shrub with bright yellow flowers. They do not bear fruit. The flower has a double crown and has another Latin name, Jasminum primulinum.

2. Jasminum Multiflorum

This breed grows to propagate between 2 to 10 meters. Some have hairy dann stems. When the flowers bloom quite dense and in groups. Each group has 3 to 15 quantum. When blooming the color is slightly yellowish white and can produce shiny black fruit. Often also called jasmine gambir or star jasmine in English.

3. Spanish Jasmine or Kasablanka

His Latin name is Jasminum officinale. We often refer to them as Spanish jasmine when they come from the plains of China and India. Indonesia is better known by the name of Jasmine Gambir. There is a difference between Kasablanka jasmine from China and India. The size of China can grow vines up to 12-15 meters while the ones from India are short shrubs as high as 1.5 meters.

Jasminum officinale is a type of jasmine commonly known to many audiences. This species is most widely cultivated worldwide. The natural habitat of gambir jasmine comes from Northern Iran, Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Nepal, and Western China. Because it is popular now jasmine gambir has been naturalized in France, Portugal, and Italy, and Florida.

This flower is known for its properties as a folk remedy. Some also use it as a tonic, expectorant, as well as utilizing oil extracts from the flower. Extracts of oil from jasmine flowers are often used to add aroma in the newlyweds’ rooms. Because it is signaled that the aroma has aphrodisiac properties that can increase sexual arousal. Gambir jasmine plants can grow well without requiring special care. Simply watered once a week or two a week then this flower can grow to a height of 6 meters.

4. Jasmine Pot

It was first discovered by RN Parker in 1919 and named Jasminum parkeri. Originally from northwestern India before being brought to England. Including dwarf bush plants that only grow up to 30 cm high. The flowers will appear individually in each stalk. Can produce greenish-white fruit.

5. Italian Jasmine (Jasminum revolutum)

Afghanistan, the Himalayas, and India are the countries where this jasmine originated. This plant belongs to a type of upright shrub that can grow up to 2.5 meters. The branches are numerous and the leaves are intermittent. The aroma of the flower should be with a crown measuring 2.5 cm. Grow in groups of about 50 kuntum with a beautiful yellow color.

6. Jasmine King

It has the Latin name Jasminum rex. It originates from southwestern Thailand. The leaves are oblong with pointed ends. Although the color is clean white the smell is not fragrant or can be said to be odorless. The size is about 5 cm with a single flower.

7. White Jasmine

White Jasmine
White Jasmine

Jasminum sambac is a white jasmine flower that serves as puspa bangsa. Widely cultivated as a tea blend.

Europeans call it Arabische jasmine despite its Indian origin. In Arabia itself, they are known as Yasmin which means white flower. Even though the scent of the flowers can’t bear fruit. In Indonesia, jasmine flowers are widely used as a headdress at weddings, sow flowers, fragrant oils, cosmetics, to tea mixtures.

Some types of jasmine that are not used for such purposes are usually planted as ornamental plants.

8. Jasmine Star

This type of jasmine has a crown-like forming a star until it is named jasmine star. It’s as clean white as the starlight in the night sky. Having no other benefits than decoration, this jasmine flower can be body up to large. But it can also be intended as vines, for example, trained to grow on fences or the walls of houses.

9. Jasmine Arum Dalu

The shape of jasmine arum dalu is also similar to the star but in more mini size and greenish-white. Also known as Night-blooming Jasmine, because it gives off a very strong fragrant aroma at night. So fragrant can cause allergic reactions in some people. It originated in the tropical Americas and West Indies. It grows both in the sun and dry soil, living all year round from spring to autumn.

This type of jasmine flower is fairly easy to maintain, as long as it is not in a cold climate. Morphology of leaves is oblong and small-small small groups with a length of about 10-20 cm. The surface of the leaves is smooth and shiny with a beautiful green color.

10. Pink Jasmine

The scientific name of this jasmine flower is Jasminum polyanthum. Known for its very fragrant and alluring aroma, this flower also has an alluring look.

White petals with a light pink tinge symbolize beauty and beauty. Who’s not enamored with this one?

Not only beautiful, but this ornamental plant can also grow quickly up to 7 meters high. It can also be planted vines on a trellis or used to decorate the walls.

11. Angel Wing Jasmine

This jasmine species has a natural habitat of jungles in the Papua New Guinea Islands. Also known as shining jasmine because it can thrive under the sun even. Having an alluring fragrant aroma, this flower is white with large petals. Uniquely, the bottom of the petals is not white but purple. Although planted among the bushes on the porch of the house even you will easily see the beauty of this flower when it is in bloom. In addition to its attractive color, the size is quite large compared to the type of jasmine flowers in general.

12. Yellow Jasmine

Yellow Jasmine
Yellow Jasmine

Also known as winter jasmine, the scientific name is Jasminum nudiflorum. As the name implies, the yellow petals come from the habitat of the Tibetan Mountains. Yellow jasmine is one of the jasmine flowers that does not have a strong fragrance like other types of jasmine flowers. Derived from the species of the Oleaceae bush family, yellow jasmine is ready to beautify the bush plants in the yard of your house.

However, in Indonesia yellow jasmine can not be found because this flower can only grow in cold climates.

In general jasmine flowers are compound plants that grow on the armpits of leaves. Usually with petals amounting to about 4-9 sheets on each stalk. In Indonesia, jasmine flowers are identified with things that smell mystical according to some beliefs. Despite all that jasmine flowers belong to a beautiful type of flower and many are cultivated.